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Liver (cont.)

Liver Function

The liver has a multitude of important and complex functions. Some of these functions are to:

  • Manufacture (synthesize) proteins, including albumin (to help maintain the volume of blood) and blood clotting factors
  • Synthesize, store, and process (metabolize) fats, including fatty acids (used for energy) and cholesterol
  • Metabolize and store carbohydrates, which are used as the source for the sugar (glucose) in blood that red blood cells and the brain use
  • Form and secrete bile that contains bile acids to aid in the intestinal absorption of fats and the fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K.
  • Eliminate, by metabolizing and/or secreting, the potentially harmful biochemical products produced by the body, such as bilirubin from the breakdown of old red blood cells, and ammonia from the breakdown of proteins
  • Detoxify, by metabolizing and/or secreting, drugs, alcohol, and environmental toxins
Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 5/25/2016

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